Whose goal is this and how are the means justified: Ukrainian science in the service of the aggressor?
Whose goal is this and how are the means justified: Ukrainian science in the service of the aggressor?
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Whose goal is this and how are the means justified: Ukrainian science in the service of the aggressor?

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Our society has already had the opportunity to see for itself the power and effectiveness of the impact of the information war and Russian propaganda on the political process in Ukraine. Now the Russian Federation continues its informational influence in Ukraine, concentrating its activities in those spheres of society that have relative autonomy over state control – in culture, science and the church. The activities of Russian cultural projects are coordinated by cultural, scientific and religious representations operating in Ukraine and abroad. For science, it is primarily “Rossotrudnichestvo” and “Russian Center for Science and Culture in Kiev.”

These structures not only pursue pro-Russian rhetoric aimed at promoting the Russian measure and Soviet communist values, but also disseminate information to scholars about fully sponsored events conducted by Russian organizations abroad. Such events are designed to attract as many scholars from Ukraine as possible, thus showing the viability of pseudo-scientific ideas of Russian and Slavic unity, linguistic identity, etc. These are probably not the only Russian programs and organizations operating in Ukraine, as the analysis of Russian and Ukrainian scientific publications has shown that there are a number of projects that are covered in the scientific press of both countries, and the authors of publications in Ukraine and Russia. are the same persons. Characteristically,that such publications are made exclusively in Russian and in Ukrainian scientific journals.

Eugene Gorokhovsky, staff member of the Russian Center for Science and Culture in Kiev
Eugene Gorokhovsky, staff member of the Russian Center for Science and Culture in Kiev

So, let’s look at a few projects. Information on the activities of “Rossotrudnichestvo” and “Russian Center for Science and Culture” is open and available on their official websites, as well as the websites of partner organizations and news agencies. One of the first news about the activities of these organizations, according to the search engine GOOGLE, is the report of the Russian Youth Information Agency “Mir” about the nominee for the award of this agency Mr. Eugene Gorokhovsky from Kiev, who is a staff member of “Rossotrudnichestvo” and “Russian Center for Science and Culture in Kiev”. The report states that the activities of this employee are to give lectures, record YouTube programs, etc. I was interested in this information,because I had not heard about the activities of these two organizations in Ukraine for a long time and I was sure that it had been stopped a long time ago.

My acquaintance with Mr. Yevhen Gorokhovsky took place a long time ago, back in 2002, when I first started working at the Institute. Then a man came to the editorial office of the journal Archeology, where I was hired as a junior researcher, and without introducing myself asked to make room for him at the computer. Since I was not used to such communication, I had to call security and take the gentleman out of the room. Especially since my working hours are long over, and I was left to work on my dissertation during non-working hours. The next day I was told that it was Yevhen Gorokhovsky and that he had once worked at the institute. I saw Mr. Yevhen for the second time recently, a few years ago at a lecture on “What Archeology Tells”, which I am moderating.Mr. came there to conduct propaganda work and advertising products of “Rossotrudnichestvo “. His activities had to be severely stopped and Mr. Yevhen himself was expelled from the premises. After that, this character did not appear in my field of vision.

Our Heritage Project
Our Heritage Project

Thus, the “Russian Center for Science and Culture in Kiev” became a continuation of “Rossotrudnichestvo”. Its website provides information about the Our Heritage project, which is starting this center in Kyiv – the project is dedicated to the monuments of Russian historical and cultural heritage “in Ukraine”. According to the website, the first video of the project is dedicated to the monument “Baptist of Russia to Prince Vladimir the Great.” In fact, it does not take so long to remember the relevant rhetoric in annexed Sevastopol, which also mentions the “Russian Prince Vladimir the Great”, who was baptized in Chersonesos, where “Russian Orthodoxy” thus begins.

Lecture on the contribution of "Soviet Ukraine" to the "Great Victory"
Lecture on the contribution of “Soviet Ukraine” to the “Great Victory”

The next topics on the website of the Russian Center in Kyiv are Mr. Gorokhovsky’s lecture on Soviet aviator Sergei Chaplygin, followed by a lecture on the contribution of Soviet Ukrainian scientists to the Great Victory.

And the next event of Rossotrudnichestvo is a meeting of the late head of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine with the daughter of Sergei Korolev, who also took place under the auspices of this Russian center. Thus, the question remains as to who stressed the need for such a meeting personally to Borys Paton this winter and how this information got into the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in general.

The Russian center in Kyiv celebrated the anniversary of Yevgeny Primakov, the founder of the foreign intelligence of the USSR and present-day Russia
The Russian center in Kyiv celebrated the anniversary of Yevgeny Primakov, the founder of the foreign intelligence of the USSR and present-day Russia

Significantly, the previous event of the Russian Center, which took place last fall, was dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the birth of Yevgeny Primakov – an odious Soviet and Russian politician, diplomat, one of the leaders and founders of foreign intelligence of the former Soviet Union and today’s Russia. Honestly, I remembered “Stirlitz had never been so close to failure.” Apparently, the age and certain problems with the nerves of the leaders of the center led to such a “careless” step, when the “songs under the potatoes” were posted directly on the World Wide Web. Or… Or are they now confident in their own impunity? .. The question is rhetorical.

Here are some interesting materials provided by the site of the “Russian Center for Science and Culture in Kiev”. No less interesting materials can be found on YouTube. There is such a cotton channel “First Cossack”. And traditionally, the presenter Maximilian Urazov communicates on various historical topics with Mr. Yevhen Gorokhovsky. Among the topics discussed in the program are the following: Red Russia, which became Galicia Uniates; the modern conflict and struggle of Western and Eastern European civilizations; religion and history. It is not difficult to understand that such conversations lay the foundation for the so-called sacred confrontation between the Western or Catholic-Protestant world and the Eastern rite, for the legal example of which Russia has its “Russian Orthodoxy.”

List of conference organizers
List of conference organizers

And at the end of my little analysis of open information on the World Wide Web – a kind of cherry on the cake. When I was collecting this information, I received a letter in the mail from the institutional newsletter of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The letter contained an invitation to take part in a conference in Novi Sad, which for some reason was marked not in Serbia but in Slovenia. However, in the invitation itself, the information no longer had such an error – Serbia, Novi Sad, the Museum of Vojvodina, the conference “Slavs and their neighbors in the first millennium. BC ” The organizing committee of this conference, as it was not difficult to assume, included one representative of the former Warsaw Pact countries and Austria, as well as Yevhen Leonardovych Gorokhovsky, already familiar to us, as a representative of Ukrainian Slavic studies.

How information about such events gets to NASU, who gives the order for its distribution by academic institutes, is unclear to me. However, it is quite clear that this is not the only Russian project and fund funded by Russia. If Rossotrudnichestvo, guided by the thesis of Stirlitz, who has never been so close to failure, continues to sing under the potato, others simply do not advertise themselves. But their activities can also be indirectly detected. To do this, it is enough to analyze the participants of international conferences in Russia and Ukraine, as well as the composition of the authors of thematic collections.

Without delving into the problem, I looked at the collections that I had on hand due to downloading from the Internet. My attention was drawn to the collection of materials of the 2020 conference, which took place in Moscow “Thing in the context of the funeral rite” and was organized by the Russian State University for the Humanities. Among the authors of the conference materials are a number of Ukrainians. In particular, the staff of the Institute of Oriental Studies. A. Crimean Dr. ist. M. Tarasenko and his wife, Ph.D. ist. Sciences A. Vertienko. Attention was drawn to the fact that the theme of the conference and their reports fully corresponded to the theme of the grant application, which they submitted together for funding to the National Research Fund in the same year 2020.So it turns out that they already had funding for this study, if you went to report to Moscow? Am I wrong and is this purely scientific interest completely devoid of politics? But why Moscow? After all, closer to Poland and with Egyptology and Oriental Studies there are better things than at the Russian Humanities University. The question remains open.

Conference booklet
Conference booklet

Another interesting event took place in St. Petersburg last 2019. The conference entitled “Antiquities of Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Southern Siberia in the Context of Connections and Interactions in the Eurasian Cultural Space (New Data and Concepts)” was organized jointly by the State Hermitage, the Institute of History of St. Petersburg University, the Kunstkamera and the Institute of Oriental Studies. Among the participants are also traditionally a number of employees of the IA NASU, but here we have something more interesting. On page 202 of the conference proceedings there are abstracts of the report of Maya Kashuba (IIMK RAS) and Tatiana Smekalova (Tavriya Federal University) on the materials of the Late Bronze monuments of the Crimea. One month before the conference, Ms. Maya Kashuba was on an official business trip to Kyiv.where she reported on a joint German-Russian-Ukrainian program to study the ceramics of the Ukrainian forest-steppe. After reporting, she came to visit me and offered to sell her her research in the Crimea, because, according to her, it had already been agreed with my management. It is a pity, but I have not been able to find out with whom Ms. Kashuba specifically agreed. One thing I will say for sure, my promise to stop referring to me, if I refuse, it is clearly kept, including in the German press. But we continue to get acquainted with the conference collection. The next material is two collective reports of the same German-Russian-Ukrainian project on the study of ceramics from the funds of the Institute of Archeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, where Ms. Kashuba is also co-authored. In fact, she is the co-leader of this project.

The following group of conference materials presents events organized by another participant of the sanctions list – the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan :, “New in the research of the early Iron Age in Europe: problems, discoveries, methods (Moscow, 2017) “. These conferences have a narrow topic, which generally includes all Scythian-Sarmatian issues. And traditionally, their participants were employees of the Department of Early Iron Age of IA NASU: Head, Dr. ist. Sciences SA Skory (member of organizing committees), Ph.D. ist. D. Grechko, Ph.D. ist. M. Daragan, Ph.D. ist. S. Makhortykh, Ph.D. ist.S. Polin, Ph.D. ist. S. Olhovsky, (lecturer at the Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts).

One could attribute the participation of Ukrainians in Russian conferences and meetings to the lack of opportunity to publish at home or ignorance of the Ukrainian language, as can often be heard. However, the analysis of professional publications on archeology, published by the Institute of Archeology, showed a completely opposite picture. One of the leading publications in the field of archeology in Ukraine is “Archeology and Ancient History of Ukraine”. We analyzed 19 issues over the past five years, 18 of which contain articles in Russian in varying numbers (from 80 to 3%). Of the 542 articles, 208 were published in Russian and 4 in Belarusian. Among the authors of Russian-language texts, only 62 articles were written by foreigners, mostly Russians, as well as several citizens of Germany, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Poland and Belarus.

It is also worth noting that in the vast majority of issues of the article in Russian are one – three per issue. The exceptions were the numbers supervised personally by the then editor-in-chief of the collection, prof. SA Skorym – in these issues, Russian-language content significantly exceeded Ukrainian-language. Well, as you might have guessed, the list of Ukrainian and Russian authors at the conference in Moscow and Kazan and that the Russian-language issues of “Archeology and Ancient History of Ukraine” – coincides. Whether this is a coincidence, or whether funding for both Russian events and Ukrainian periodicals comes from one pocket, the question also remains open.

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The project was implemented with the support of the Ukrainian Cultural Foundation

Evelyna Kravchenko

Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Archeology of the NAS of Ukraine, Head of the Inkerman Expedition of IA NASU

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