The Crimean educational community in the Russian war against Ukraine


Since the very occupation of the Crimean Peninsula and certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions 8 years ago, the Russian Federation has been actively replacing the Ukrainian identity of young and young residents of these regions with a Russian or at least “republican” one by de facto banning the study of the Ukrainian language, literature and history and the introduction of Russian propaganda and militarization in the educational process. If the occupying state, contrary to international conventions, does not hesitate to “process” schoolchildren, and even kindergarten students, then it is okay to talk about student youth, and therefore also about the scientific and pedagogical staff of Crimean “higher educational institutions.” The processes of ideologization of Crimean education and science, actually torn out of the international context even after the so-called “Russian Spring”, significantly intensified recently, when on February 24, 2022, the president of the aggressor state, Vladimir Putin, launched a full-scale armed attack on Ukraine.

It should be noted that the Russian academic community has protested at various times against attempts by the authorities to “tighten the screws” inside the country or “restore order” abroad – as, for example, in Ukraine in 2014. The current situation is no exception. On February 24, the day of the Russian Federation’s open invasion of Ukraine, Russian scientists and scientific journalists began collecting signatures under an open letter against Putin’s “denazification” of Ukraine; as of the time of preparation of the material, there were about 8 thousand of them. Initially, the text of the letter appeared in the electronic version of the newspaper “Troitskiy variant – Nauka”; later the editors stated that although there is nothing criminal in it, it will have to be removed from the site in view of the new legislation of the aggressor state, which forces us to call black white. Initially, the text of the letter was deleted and the signatures were left under it, but later the page was deleted altogether. The text of the letter can be found in other sources – for example, on the website of the Union of Scientific Diplomacy of the European Union.[1] The signatories expressed a strong protest against military actions initiated by the armed forces of the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine. “This fatal step leads to huge human casualties and undermines the foundations of the established system of international security. Russia is entirely responsible for starting a new war in Europe. This war has no reasonable justification. Attempts to use the situation in Donbas as an excuse to launch a military operation do not inspire any confidence. It is quite obvious that Ukraine does not pose a threat to the security of our country. The war against it is unjust and frankly pointless. Ukraine was and remains a close country for us. Many of us have relatives, friends and scientific colleagues living in Ukraine. Our parents, grandfathers and great-grandfathers fought together against Nazism. Inciting a war for the sake of the geopolitical ambitions of the Russian leadership, driven by dubious historiosophical fantasies, is a cynical betrayal of their memory. We respect Ukrainian statehood, which rests on democratic institutions that really work. We understand the European choice of our neighbors. We are convinced that all problems in relations between our countries can be solved peacefully. Having started the war, Russia condemned itself to international isolation, to the status of a country-in-exile. This means that we, scientists, will now not be able to do our work normally, since conducting scientific research is impossible without full cooperation with colleagues from other countries. Isolation of Russia from the world means further cultural and technological degradation of our country in the complete absence of positive prospects. A war with Ukraine is a step to nowhere. We are bitterly aware that our country, which made a decisive contribution to the victory over Nazism, has now become the pallium of a new war on the European continent. We demand an immediate halt to all military actions directed against Ukraine. We demand respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Ukrainian state. We demand peace for our countries,” –  the text of the appeal reads.

It was quite expected that, in contrast to the signatories of this letter, there would be individuals in the scientific community of the Russian Federation who would fully and completely support Putin’s aggression against Ukraine and oppose their sober-thinking colleagues in the spirit of Stalinist collective condemnations. It was also quite expected that there would be “scientists” in the territories occupied by the Russian Federation who, since 2014, aspire to be “holier than the Pope” – more precisely, even greater imperial chauvinists than Putin himself. Thus, on March 4, on the website of the Russian Union of Rectors, an appeal by members of this organization appeared in support of the “decision of Russia” (in the person of Putin) “to finally end the eight-year confrontation between Ukraine and Donbass (sic! – author), to achieve the demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine and thereby to protect themselves from growing military threats”.[2] The rector’s corps of the Russian Federation assured that for many decades they developed and strengthened Russian-Ukrainian scientific and educational ties and “treated each other with care”, and joint research “made a huge contribution to world science” – and, they say, that’s why ” the years-long tragedy in Donbas resonates with special pain and bitterness in the hearts of Russian rectors. That is why, it turns out, for them “it is very important these days to support our country, our army that defends our security, to support our president, who made perhaps the most difficult decision of his life, a painful but necessary decision” regarding the actual genocide of citizens of Ukraine. At the same time, the Russian rectors urged each other not to forget about their main duty – to conduct a continuous educational process, as well as to educate young people “patriotism and the desire to help the motherland.”

“Universities have always been a pillar of the state. Our priority goal is to serve Russia and develop its intellectual potential. Now more than ever, we must demonstrate confidence and resilience in the face of economic and informational attacks, effectively rally around our president, by our example strengthening the optimistic spirit and faith in the power of the mind among young people, instilling hope for the speedy advent of peace,” –  the text of the appeal read.

The signatories of this letter, among others, were also the “rectors” of two Crimean “universities” created after the Russian occupation of the peninsula – Andriy Falaleev, who heads the “Crimean Federal University named after V.I. Vernadskyi” (“KFU”), and Volodymyr Nechaev, who heads the “Sevastopol State University” (“SDU”). We will return to these two types later.

On March 7, an open letter from representatives of the “scientific institutions” of the occupied AR of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol to the president of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Oleksandr Sergeyev[3] appeared on the website of the Sevastopol “Institute of Natural and Technical Systems” (“IPTS”), which became in response to the already mentioned appeal of Russian scientists and scientific journalists dated February 24. According to the homegrown Crimean “scientists”, the presented arguments are “exclusively biased and dictated either by ignorance and an incorrect assessment of the situation, or by the personal interest of certain environmental scientists strongly connected to Western structures.” The signatories assured that they “saw from the inside how hatred for everything Russian grew in Ukraine even before the events of 2014 and how it grew exponentially after the events on the Maidan” (?), and explained this “hate” not by the armed aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the occupation its territories, and “an informational and psychological operation of gigantic proportions against Russia, aimed at undermining our country as the main stronghold of resistance to globalization and the aggressive-liberal (emphasis on mutually exclusive paragraphs is ours – author’s) agenda.” The authors expressed great regret that the current Ukraine, they say, is not “a sweet, once fraternal republic with friendly people, a beautiful language, amazing songs and similar traditions” (that is, it does not reduce its agenda exclusively to the “sharovarno”-ethnographic decor in the shadow of the “older brother”), and that “neither Gogol’s Little Russia nor Soviet Ukraine – the bastion of industrialization, science and culture – is left anymore”: in their opinion, Ukraine is currently ruled by “absolutely aggressive, uncouth armed formations of nationalists, created under the leadership of Western “partners” in order to to kill Russians – which they have been doing for the past 8 years in Donbas, violating all possible agreements.” Crimean “scientists” see the Armed Forces as “terrorists holding cities under the guise of hostages – peaceful citizens.” Given their delusions, they assure that they consider Putin’s “demilitarization and denazification” of Ukraine “absolutely correct,” since they no longer have the strength to “ignore Nazism and offensive Russophobia.” “The collective West instantly threw off its masks and showed its ancient Russophobic essence, when the propaganda of the Nazi battalions in the West ceased to be banned (?! – author), and Russia’s absolutely fair objections were thoroughly censored. Our students, sportsmen, business – instantly felt that it is possible to remain ourselves only at home, and abroad they demand from us to immediately renounce our homeland, its history, traditions, heroes. For any adequate citizen, this cannot be the price for the right to be “handed over” in the West, our fathers and grandfathers did not break under the pressure of fascism 80 years ago. It is not fitting for us to become traitors even now. Therefore, we declare our full support for the actions of our country, the actions of our president on the demilitarization and de-Nazification of the territory adjacent to our borders,” – the authors of the letter stated that they actually agreed with the complete self-isolation of the totalitarian aggressor country along with the territories occupied by it.

One more point should be noted. If the appeal of the Russian scientific community from February 24 condemning the military aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, as already noted, was signed by about 8 thousand people, then only seven local “scientists” – the “director” transformed into ” national scientific center of the Russian Academy of Sciences” of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden Yurii Plugatar, “director of the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas named after O.O. Kovalevsky RAS” Roman Gorbunov, “Director of the Marine Hydrophysical Institute of the RAS” Serhiy Konovalov, “Director of the Institute of Natural and Technical Systems” Veronika Maslova, “Director of the All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking “Magarach” RAS” Volodymyr Likhovskoy, “Director of Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture of the Crimea” Volodymyr Pashtetskyi and “Director of the Institute of Archeology of the Crimea RAS” Vadym Maiko. By the way, the latter’s signature disappeared from the page on which the appeal was posted after some time, but its original version was preserved in the Google cache[4] and it was managed to be archived.[5]

The institution on whose website this appeal was posted is also of interest. Founded in 2000 in Moscow, the State Southern Research Field of the Russian Academy of Sciences underwent several reorganizations during its existence, and finally in 2012 it was transformed into the Institute of Natural and Technical Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which was transferred to occupied Sevastopol by order of the Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations on December 19, 2014 , and by Putin’s order “On the structure of federal executive bodies” No. 215 of May 15, 2018, it was transferred to the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation due to the elimination of the mentioned agency.

Mostly, the Crimean “institutions” of education and science did not express their own position regarding the Russian full-scale invasion of Ukraine, only expressing their “approval” for the orders of higher organizations. For example, the Sevastopol branch of Moscow State University (MSU), which was active in the city even before its Russian occupation, posted on its website[6] on March 2 the appeal of the members of the Academic Council of MSU[7] published on the same day, but accepted on February 28, which urged to go through “difficult times for the country” with dignity, which came after Putin’s decision to send his troops to Ukraine. “We are acutely aware of what is happening, but we are sure that we must pass this period in a university-like manner, adhering to the principles of high academic culture and ethics. We anticipate difficulties associated with the development of scientific infrastructure, conducting joint international research, and publishing articles in foreign scientific journals. Moscow University will continue to develop its decades-old international ties, convincing reliable partners of the need to continue working together to find answers to global challenges, as well as in the name of preserving the world’s scientific heritage. The academic council of the Moscow University expresses confidence that the university corporation will overcome temporary difficulties with joint efforts, ensure the continuity of educational and scientific processes and achieve the national development goals of Russia,” – the text read.

The “Crimean University of Culture, Arts and Tourism”, which on March 9 posted on its website [8] an appeal by 169 figures of culture, science and arts of Crimea to the Russian cultural community and “compatriots”, the text of which appeared on March 4, was also undecided about its own position. on the website of the Crimean “Ministry of Culture”.[9] The signatories called the peoples of Russia and Ukraine “brothers” and talked about how for a long time they were “directly inside the processes that ultimately led to such sad consequences” – they say that almost a quarter of a century after the collapse of the USSR, they watched as Ukraine “through the efforts of its of politicians gradually turned into anti-Russia”; this process reached its peak “on the Maidan, which ended with a coup d’état in Kyiv”, after which the new government “prepared to deal with” the Crimeans who “opposed the coup and in 2014 made their choice to be with Russia”, after which they received from of official Kyiv “blockades, provocations and attempted terrorist attacks”, which were an unheard of phenomenon on the peninsula just before the Russian occupation of Crimea. The authors of the letter shed some crocodile tears for the residents of Donbas, who “paid thousands of victims for their free choice and unwillingness to obey the Nazis” and for whose sake Russia was allegedly simply forced to start a war against Ukraine, until the mythical “Nazis who want to destroy all who disagree with them.” The signatories explain their “Russian choice” by the fact that “a person who has not lost his conscience and elementary concepts of good and evil cannot have another choice”, as well as by the fact that during the years of occupation by the Russian Federation, Crimea “turned into a prosperous region”, for which Russia allegedly did more in 8 years than Ukraine did in 22 years. The letter ends with a simply schizophrenic paragraph: “We call on everyone to support our president, our armed forces, Russia! We are sure that a bright future awaits Ukraine without Nazism and militarism. The smoke of the guns will clear and the sun of revival will rise. We are ready to resume full cooperation. We are waiting for our Ukrainian brothers in a hospitable Crimean home.”

Many people who supported this appeal are united by one thing: they received their high and honorable titles and positions, as well as republican and state awards, precisely from “Nazi” Ukraine, which for more than 20 years did nothing but “oppress their Russian spirit” (despite the national diversity of the list). Among the signatories of this letter are quite interesting personalities – the “Minister of Culture of the Republic of Crimea” Tetyana Manezhina, the former director of the Crimean Academic Ukrainian Musical Theater Volodymyr Kosov, who has supported the occupiers in Crimea since 2014, the former actor of this theater, the audience’s favorite Valery Karpov, and also KFU “associate professor” Andrii Nikiforov, who publicly called for the extermination of Ukrainians back in 2017: “Everyone who calls himself Ukrainian is sick. But not everyone has rabies. Some – only for scabies. But if this scabies in Ukrainians is not treated, it turns into more severe stages of the disease – up to rabies. Complete recovery – only in complete and final renunciation of Ukrainianness. This does not mean that all “Ukrainians” should be killed like mad dogs. Only the mad ones. The rest should be treated. But – with the merciless destruction of those who will still be offended”.[10] On the eve of the Russian occupation of Crimea, on February 24-25, 2014, Nikiforov, as well as Kosov and the “general director of the Tavrida Central Museum” Andriy Malgin, who is also a signatory of the mentioned appeal, together with other Crimean public figures formed a “letter of fifteen” to the head of the Verkhovna Rada Volodymyr Konstantinov of the Council of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, in which it was proposed to return to the Crimean constitution of 1992 and hold a referendum on the status of Crimea; according to Konstantinov, this letter became “a legal basis for starting work on holding a referendum” in Crimea, already de facto occupied by the Russian Federation. Subsequently, the signatories of the letter created the “February 25 movement”, the main goal of which was to prevent “carriers of pro-Ukrainian ideas” from entering the Crimean government.

The occupier cannot help but remember that youth, especially students, have always been the most active social stratum. Therefore, at the moment, when the Russian Federation has actually become a military dictatorship, all attempts are being made to keep this stratum, as well as the rest of the population, in steel gloves. Thus, after the full-scale invasion of the Russian armed forces in Ukraine, both in the territory of the aggressor state and in the territories occupied by it, pedagogical workers, on the instructions “from above”, began to treat the parents of pupils and students so that they would warn their children not only against protest activity, but also made sure that they received all information exclusively from “official” sources. To tell the truth, this resembles the practices of the currently little-known sect of “Dognalites” (which, by the way, has ties to the aggressor state), for whose followers the only permitted sources of information on the Internet are the resources of their “church”. It comes to the point that Crimean teachers, like any other employees of the budget sector, are forced to make posts on their pages in social networks in support of Putin, the armed forces of the Russian Federation and the “denazification” of Ukraine, which they are carrying out, and then report about it to the “management “. Moreover, these actions apply primarily to those who “are not ashamed to be Russians.”

It is impossible not to mention the “fake law” adopted by the Russian government, which Putin signed on March 4. In fact, deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation adopted amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, according to which the dissemination of true information about the actions of the Russian occupiers in Ukraine will be punished. According to State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin, this was done in order to “protect our soldiers, officers and the truth.” Dissemination of the specified information will entail a fine of 100,000 to 1.5 million rubles or imprisonment for a term of 3 to 15 years. Calls for the introduction of sanctions against the Russian Federation will be punished by a fine of up to 500,000 rubles or imprisonment for a term of up to 3 years. Corresponding amendments were adopted to the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation: public actions aimed at “discrediting” the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and public calls for an end to the war (!) will be punished by a fine of 30 to 100 thousand rubles (in the occupied Crimea there are already the first fines), and calls for the introduction of sanctions against Russia – up to 50 thousand rubles.[11] So now in Crimean “universities” students are intensively taught to “identify and compare facts” and “the ability to distinguish them from false information”, as well as “form the critical thinking of the younger generation” and familiarize students with “basic strategies and tactics of information influence”. What’s more: “SDU” boasts of its youth “cyber squads” of Pavliks Morozov, which intensively search for “extremist” materials in social networks.

Among other things, during March, students are actively brainwashed with various “lessons of historical truth” and “conversations about peace”, during which they are explained why Putin “made the right decision” regarding the “denazification” of Ukrainian maternity homes, schools, kindergartens with rockets and bombs. residential quarters and other objects of social infrastructure, as well as why “fascist” Ukraine should be erased from the world map. They try to convince the youth that Ukraine and its Western partners are “spreading misleading, unconfirmed and provocative information through all available channels” about Russian aggression, thus “deploying against Russia, the president and the army (in the sources these words are presented in capital letters, somewhat reminiscent painfully familiar “ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer” – author) large-scale informational and psychological war”.“The lies that spread in the information space are actually a weapon of mass destruction, aimed at all of us, at our brains and hearts, and above all at the younger generation,” – Crimean teachers convince the pupils, apparently having received a “discharge” from some newly created Russian “ministries of truth”.

In addition, young people whose childhood was spent in the Ukrainian Crimea are helped to “form their own position regarding the special operation in Ukraine”, convincing them that Ukraine and Russia are “two parts of a single historical and spiritual space”, and their “brotherly” peoples “have similar values, literature, culture and language, together experienced many happy and difficult periods of history, were never hostile, and one wants to believe that this will happen. No words. In addition to teachers, Crimean students are also helped to “form a personal opinion” about the war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine by “prominent personalities” – such as, for example, “Senator of the Federation Council of the Russian Federation from Sevastopol” Kateryna Altabayeva, who tours schools and “universities” as part of the marathon ” Russian spring in Sevastopol”. In particular, on March 3, she visited the “Sevastopol branch of the Russian University of Economics named after G.V. Plekhanov”, where she shared with students her memories and impressions of the “Russian Spring” in Crimea.[12] On the same day, the students of the medical college in Yevpatoria were told about the “return of Crimea to its native harbor” by the “heroes of the Crimean spring” – “deputy chairman of the State Council of the Republic of Crimea” Volodymyr Bobkov, “deputy head of the administration of Yevpatoria” Ivan Prosoedov, “head of the committee on social policy , education, culture, sports and youth of the Yevpatoria City Council” Nina Permyakova, “Commander of the Yevpatoria Afghan People’s Militia Company” Oleksandr Kurakin and “Head of the Zonal Center of the DBU “Krympatriot Center” Kostiantyn Gulya.[13]

Also, on March 3, the “permanent representative of the Republic of Crimea to the President of the Russian Federation”, aka “deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Crimea” Georgy Muradov, spoke via video conference with the students of the faculties of economics, political science and jurisprudence of KFU, who noted that the war with Putin warned about Ukraine during the Munich Security Conference, which took place on February 10, 2007. The Russian occupation of Crimea in 2014, according to Muradov, initiated “radical changes in the world structure associated with the restoration of Russia’s status as a strong sovereign state.” He also stated that “Russian civilization”, unlike Western civilization, “never oppressed the culture, language and faith of other peoples and carefully preserved their national identity” – and a “great” example in this regard is the totally backward Ukrainian community of Crimea. In addition, Muradov convinced the listeners that Russia is not at war with Ukraine, but is “defending itself against those who took Ukraine hostage” (!).[14]

The next day, the “representative of Crimea under the President of the Russian Federation” “resolutely” supported the “noble mission” of his “supreme commander” in the “denazification” of Ukraine and reprimanded the “collective West” for the “sharp activation of anti-Russian activities, which have deep and long-standing intentions, after the geopolitical reversal, caused by the reunification of Crimea with Russia in 2014”. It suddenly became clear that Russia allegedly repeatedly provided Western countries with “facts and irrefutable evidence that Ukrainian nationalists will not forgive the residents of Crimea for the free choice they made in 2014 and that the current regime in Kyiv is constantly carrying out sabotage, terrorist attacks and crimes of a humanitarian nature against the residents peninsula”. At the same time, it turns out that on the free territory of Ukraine, the policy of “Nazification” led to the fact that “the native language of its native Russian people, which has lived on its current territory since time immemorial, was banned in the country, the system of Russian-language education began to be uprooted, Russian culture was destroyed, and history was nazified and public life” – in short, they translated what they themselves did to the Ukrainians in Crimea from a sick head to a healthy one. In addition, Muradov expressed special thanks to the Russian soldiers who “took upon themselves, sacrificing their lives, the great mission of eradicating the Nazi threat in Europe and the emerging anti-Russian racist ideology, saving the Ukrainian people for the second time in a century from the Nazi criminals who captured them, opening the way friendship and brotherhood of our peoples and do not allow the creation of a militaristic stronghold against Russia on the territory of Ukraine.” Finally, “Putin’s chief in Crimea” advocated “international and inter-confessional peace, the bastion of which is the Russian multinational Crimea”.[15]

On March 10, SDU announced a discussion club on the events of the “Russian Spring” with the participation of two of its “activists” – “the director of the museum-memorial complex “35 Coastal Battery” Valery Volodin and “the deputy of the legislative assembly of Sevastopol of the I and II convocations” Viktor Posmetny. The following topics were proposed for discussion: the causes of the “Russian Spring” and the role of the residents of Crimea and Russian soldiers in its “victory”, the differences between the occupation of Crimea and the ORDLO, the historical and geopolitical significance of the events of February-March 2014 in Crimea.

With the attack of the Russian Federation on Ukraine, a few foreign students studying in the “universities” of the occupied Crimea became hostages of the situation. On February 24, the “rector of KFU” Andriy Falaleyev addressed them, telling them Putin’s fairy tale that the “special military operation” carried out by the armed forces of the Russian Federation “is aimed at stopping the genocide of the residents of the Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics, demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine.” Separately, the “rector” addressed the students – citizens of Ukraine, assuring them that there is no danger to them in the “Russian” Crimea. “We are glad that you are studying at our university, and we are sure that you will get professions here that will allow you to work successfully for the benefit of your homeland after its liberation from the power of nationalists who threaten the security of Russia and Crimea today. Russia is not at war with the Ukrainian people. The special military operation is directed against the nationalist regime that seized power in this country as a result of a coup d’état in 2014. Strikes are made exclusively on military objects,” – he said, forgetting to add that Russian bomber pilots and missile gunners for some reason search for these objects among the residential areas of peaceful cities.[16]

At the end of February and the beginning of March, the “Minister of Education, Science and Youth of the Republic of Crimea” Valentina Lavryk said that the Crimean “universities” are ready to accept students – citizens of the Russian Federation, expelled from the universities of Europe and Ukraine due to Western sanctions against the aggressor state. Andriy Falaleev and Volodymyr Nechaev, the “rectors” of “KFU” and “SDU”, promised to “not allow Russian students to be offended.”[17] The latter later additionally promised even to provide jobs to scientists from foreign universities who “faced discrimination in connection with the prevailing political situation”.[18]

In contrast to the promises to admit former “European” students to Crimean “universities”, as well as “citizens of the L/DPR”, other trends are still being observed in the occupied Crimea. In particular, on March 9, the General Staff of the Armed Forces reported on the cases recorded in the Russian Federation of the expulsion of young men of draft age from universities in order to replenish the reserve of the occupying army; also due to numerous losses of personnel, the enemy continues to carry out covert mobilization under the guise of training sessions in the temporarily occupied territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and ORDLO, as well as in the Krasnodar Territory.[19] Therefore, residents of these regions risk repeating the fate of Oleksiy Sevostyanov and Volodymyr Nikolenko – young men who were born in Sevastopol, Ukraine, but for unknown reasons were involved in the occupation military contingent on the territory of Ukraine after the Russian invasion on February 24, died in battles and were buried in their hometown 9 March Now in occupied Crimea, their memory is honored as “heroes who gave their lives defending Russia from neo-Nazis”.[20] It is possible that in the near future the Crimean youth will be called upon to “repeat their feat.”

However, not all boys and girls in the occupied territories support the Russian armed invasion of Ukraine, and not all want to be cannon fodder in a war against their country. Recently, there have been cases of “desertion” of forcibly mobilized young men either from the occupying military units on the territory of Crimea, or directly during hostilities in mainland Ukraine. Protest can be expressed peacefully. So, on March 6, Crimean police officers reported the detention of a 17-year-old student who came to Simferopol on vacation (it is not specified from where exactly), where he painted a monument to the Russian occupiers near the building of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea; a stay-at-home sign was taken from the boy, he faces punishment under the article on vandalism.[21] It is also reported that leaflets protesting the war have appeared in Crimea. Crimea is not silent, and not the last game of non-violent resistance to the occupation and armed aggression against Ukraine can be played by the youth community.





[3] https://иптс.рф/ru/2022/03/07/otkrytoe-pismo-nauchnyx-uchrezhdenij-kryma-i-sevastopolya/




















Implemented within the project “Information Platform” Voice of Crimea. Culture “- about Crimea honestly, qualitatively, actually” with the support of the Media Development Fund of the US Embassy in Ukraine. The views of the authors do not necessarily reflect the official position of the US government.

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