Construction on the site of the "historic complex"

“Non-canonical” chapel on the probable site of the palace, or “Bermuda Triangle” in the middle of Simferopol


On October 1, 2019, the Simferopol and Crimean dioceses of the UOC-MP stated that they had nothing to do with the construction of a chapel in Simferopol at 21a Vorovskoho Street, as it was “carried out without the blessing of the ruling bishop.” At the same time, the diocese reaffirmed its unwavering position in support of all God-pleasing deeds and initiatives, if they are carried out within the canons of the Orthodox Church (ie ROC) and the legislation of the Russian Federation in force in the occupied Crimea. It is unknown who is building this chapel.

At the same time, the secretary of the diocese Oleksandr Yakushechkin noted that a full-fledged church would be more appropriate in this area, and declined to comment on rumors about the construction of a chapel to occupy space for a residential complex, saying he was not an expert on the issue. “When the diocese learns that something is being done that is not in accordance with the current legislation – especially when it comes to objects of religious significance – we must express our point of view on this issue. Orthodox Christians, when they intend to build a church or a chapel, usually resolve this issue by law, because we cannot allow the church to be built in the wrong place, and then the competent services have concluded that it is self-built and should be demolished, “he added.

On October 9, a news item on the Simferopol TV channel ITV aired a story about a chapel being built under the city TV tower. The frame showed a concrete box without identification marks, surrounded by a tin fence with CCTV cameras around the perimeter. According to a neighbor of the site owner, a house with a church is being built here. The authors of the story gave the floor to the vicar of the Simferopol and Crimean dioceses of the UOC-MP, Bishop Nestor of Yalta, who stated that such things in Crimea are done “on the basis of ROC canons and within the legislation of the Russian Federation”, and added that neither his diocese nor the ruling bishop did not give any blessings.

For 10 years, historians have sought the recognition of this area as specially protected, claiming with reference to written sources and works of scientists of the early twentieth century. (without specifying which of the 79), consisting of 1800 buildings, was built, according to assumptions, in the last quarter of XV – early XVI century. and destroyed during the invasion of the army of the Russian Empire in 1736, partially rebuilt and destroyed again after the capture of Crimea by Russia in 1783. There is no reliable information about the appearance of the palace complex, which also complicates the search for its location. Among others, there are hypotheses that the palace could be located in the area of ​​modern Marina (one of the neighborhoods of Simferopol, – ed.), Where,according to residents, there is a large amount of pottery of the Khan’s time. Sources claim that in 1832 a Weissboard brewery was built on the site of the dilapidated Kalga Sultan’s palace (by decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1984, the plant was decommissioned and then razed to the ground).

Since the early 2000s, the Spiritual Administration of the Muslims of Crimea (DUMK, after the Russian occupation of the peninsula – “Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Kazakhstan and Sevastopol”, “DUMKS”) has been working to obtain the hypothetical location of the palace of Kalga Sultan: Simferopol City Council many times. At one time, this area was also considered one of the three options for the location of the cathedral mosque, but the DUMK abandoned this idea because “they knew that there is a cultural layer here” and decided to look for a larger area. Land for construction was provided in 2004 in another place – not far from the Simferopol reservoir (this decision was dramatically revoked several times and re-adopted); construction of the mosque began during the Russian occupation of Crimea, in 2015,it is planned to open in April 2020.
At the end of autumn 2013, shortly before the Revolution of Dignity, the DUMK expressed its intention to reconstruct the palace complex of the Kalga Sultan on the site where it was supposed to be located, building a mosque, madrasa (theological school), museum and library. Earlier, in October, a plot of 0.6215 hectares was transferred to the municipal enterprise “Capital” for the construction of a sports and cultural center. At various times it was planned to build a shopping and entertainment complex, commercial high-rise housing, an ice palace, a palace of water sports and more.

At one time at the address: st. Vorovsky, 21a was registered as a joint venture “CHIP”, which since 1997 published the weekly “Rest”, and since 2007 – “Dale-Inform”. Red Scorpio car service has been located here since 1995. Back in May 2013, a certain VA Volynsky received permission to develop a land management project for the allocation of this land for construction and maintenance of a residential building, as well as farm and other buildings on it. In November 2016, Volynsky received the land in the property, and in April 2017 he sold it to a certain SV Suvorova. Already during the annexation of the Crimea, there were announcements in the network about the lease of two boxes for a car repair shop with a total area of ​​70 square meters. m at the specified address for 50 thousand rubles per month, but later they were deregistered.

More than a year after the Russian occupation of Crimea, on March 28, 2015, on the basis of the Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University (KIPU) a round table was held on the topic: “Issues of studying and preserving the historical and cultural heritage of Simferopol. Kalga Sultan: History, Archeology, Problems of Study “, which was attended by scientists, public figures, representatives of the museums of the Crimea and the occupation” Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Crimea (RK). ” Deputy Mufti of Crimea Ayder Ismailov from DUMKS took part in the event. The participants stated about the “problem of preserving the place where the Kalga Sultan’s palace was located”, as it was allegedly planned to build either a multi-storey residential building or an ice rink. It was noted that special studies to determine the archaeological cultural layer in this area were not conducted. However,The participants of the event stated the need to urgently stop the construction on the site of the “historic complex” and start archeological excavations. “DUMKS” addressed to “prosecutor’s office of RK” with the statement on check of “legality” of granting by “administration of Simferopol” of this site under building. Construction work was suspended after the meeting of the Mufti of Crimea Emirali Ablaev with the “head of the Republic of Kazakhstan” Sergei Aksyonov.

In July 2017, private construction began again on the site where the palace complex was supposed to be located. Despite the indignation of members of the public and scientists, the developer fenced the area.

At the end of the month during the next round table in KIPU on the initiative of “the deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation from RK” Ruslan Balbek acting Naryman Isayev, the head of the State Construction Supervision Service of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was fired in February 2018 from the position of the “deputy head” of this “department”, previously he was the “deputy head of the Simferopol administration”, in the summer of 2019 from the Patriots of Russia party) stated that the private developer had “title documents” on the land; three plots of 10 acres were provided for private development before 2014, the final registration took place after the Russian occupation of Crimea – in 2015-2016, but without a “building permit”.

A “report on an administrative offense” was drawn up against the developer, a fine was issued and an order was issued to stop construction. In addition, Isayev promised that in case of non-compliance with the order, immediate measures will be taken to demolish the facility under construction, and added that he took the situation under personal control. “We all know that this is the territory [of the palace] of the Kalga Sultan, each of us knows that this is a historical place and what [it] is of value. We all know the history well, so all hope is on you to preserve this territory, “Emirali Ablayev addressed the participants of the event. During the round table, Ruslan Balbek suggested preparing the necessary “documents” for further research, as well as archival documents and materials, to send appropriate appeals to all relevant “ministries” and “committees”.”Member of the Council under the President of the Russian Federation for National Relations” Eskender Bilyalov said that this situation “caused a resonance among the Crimean Tatar public,” and “Director of the Central Museum of Tavrida” Andrei Malgin said that the “Public Chamber of Kazakhstan” appealed to the “mayor” take measures to prevent construction in the said area.

In August 2017, it became known that the “residence of the Kalga Sultan” was divided into 4 parts, 3 of which with a total area of ​​25.5 acres were in private hands; in the column “purpose” of two of them was indicated “individual housing construction”, and in the third, the smallest, with an area of ​​5.5 acres – “sports”. Meanwhile, the “city administration” “resolution” № 2623 from 09.08.2017 provided 394 thousand rubles to the city history museum for archaeological research “place of residence of Kalga Sultan” after a letter from the “State Committee for Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Kazakhstan”; for this purpose, scientists asked for 600 thousand rubles. At the end of the month, the “deputy chairman” of the “committee” Vyacheslav Zarubin (now deceased) said that the Crimean “leadership” supported the initiative of archaeologists to conduct research on the “site of the palace of Kalga Sultan.””We received the full support of the head of the republic, he played his most positive role. Now there is a question of permission for excavations, “he said, assuring that no construction work will be carried out until the archeological examination at the possible location of the palace complex.

On November 11-30, 2017, a joint expedition of the Institute of Crimean Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences and KIPU conducted a joint expedition led by a senior researcher of the Department of Medieval Archeology of the first “institution” and the head of the Department of History of the second, Candidate of Historical Sciences Emil Seydaliyev. and “various historical sources” – cartographic material of the late XVIII – early XIX centuries. During the works, the entrances to the basements of the brewery buildings, the remains of a mixed cultural layer of the 1st half of the 17th – 1st quarter of the 19th century, the thickness of which ranged from 1.4 to 3.0 m; medieval masonry, ceramics (fragments of water supply, building elements, 18th-century utensils, Ottoman-type cradles), fragments of porcelain, glass and faience utensils, metal products were found in nine pits.coins of the Crimean Khanate and the Russian Empire, “Tatar” tiles, etc. It was immediately stated that the finds transferred to the Museum of History of Simferopol “indicate that the palace of the” first deputy “of the Crimean Khan was located on the current Vorovsky Street”, and further, with funding, it is planned to continue research with full excavations. The then owner of the plot, Orest Shayarliev, a businessman who rents and manages real estate, said that he did not know about the historical significance of the place, and if the plot is recognized as a cultural heritage site, he is ready to give it up on condition of material compensation.that the palace of the “first deputy” of the Crimean khan was located on the current Vorovsky Street, and in the future, if funding is available, it is planned to continue the research with full-fledged excavations. The then owner of the plot, Orest Shayarliev, a businessman who rents and manages real estate, said that he did not know about the historical significance of the place, and if the plot is recognized as a cultural heritage site, he is ready to give it up on condition of material compensation.that the palace of the “first deputy” of the Crimean khan was located on the current Vorovsky Street, and in the future, if funding is available, it is planned to continue the research with full-fledged excavations. The then owner of the plot, Orest Shayarliev, a businessman who rents and manages real estate, said that he did not know about the historical significance of the place, and if the plot is recognized as a cultural heritage site, he is ready to give it up on condition of material compensation.he is ready to give it up on condition of material compensation.he is ready to give it up on condition of material compensation.

“On one of the sites excavated by archaeologists, a ceramic water main is clearly visible. Scientists believe that this area refers to the period of location of the palace at this location. Although it looks, so to speak, not too old. And a little higher, parallel to it, is laid a clearly modern pipe, smaller. But researchers say emotionally: the pipe probably led to the khan’s kitchen or to one of the fountains that were here once. In addition to the trumpet, archaeologists have discovered a stone arch in the wasteland. But at first glance, it does not claim antiquity. Probably, it is a part of the buildings of the brewery, which was located on this place in the 90s of the last century. During the excavations and found many fragments of pottery, pieces of broken utensils, jugs, tiles. Again, no one is judging their antiquity yet. And the findings look more than unpresentable.Such fragments are more like banal household garbage, let the archaeologists forgive us, “the Crimean Telegraph newspaper wrote, adding a thesis from the Crimean” government “: . In Russia’s Crimea, we are doing everything by law to both preserve the cultural heritage and prevent those who are accustomed to oppose and destroy from doing so. ”

On February 28, 2018, the website of the Crimean “State Council” published data submitted to the “State Committee for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Kazakhstan” about the discovered cultural heritage site, namely – the location of the palace of Kalga Sultan (XVII-XVIII centuries). ) within the buildings №№ 19-23 on Vorovsky Street. “In the western part of the site, there is a water source in the wall, which can be identified with the fountain, which was located on the territory of the Kalga Sultan’s palace and later on the territory of the brewery. It is possible that the same source appears in later written and pictorial sources as the “Petrovsky Fountain”, – said in a “document” signed by the contractor Emil Seydaliyev, etc. Director of the “Institute of Archeology of the Crimea RAS” Vadim Mike. It was noted that in some pits the work was stopped for various reasons – the protrusion of water,threat of violation of the integrity of the detected structures, strong blockages, lack of materials in the layer, etc. At the end of the “document” it was stated that the area of ​​the identified cultural heritage site is about 13,690 square meters. m.

On April 13, 2018, Ruslan Balbek announced that the excavations at the “site of the Kalga Sultan’s Palace” were included in the list of new cultural heritage sites of the “Republic” by the decision of the State Committee for Cultural Heritage Protection – although there were no obvious reasons for this: this step was dictated by hypotheses.

On April 17, Vyacheslav Zarubin confirmed this information during a press conference, adding that the “object” was protected by the occupying state and that his “agency” was discussing with the KIPU leadership the possibility of conducting a full-scale expedition. “The found fragment of the foundations does not yet give grounds to consider it the palace of the Kalga Sultan, but a good cultural layer has been found. We can unequivocally say that some part of the building of the medieval Ak-Mosque has been found. It will be possible to talk about whether it is a palace or not later, when wider excavations will be carried out, “he said.

On April 18 the “city administration” on the basis of the address of the mentioned Orest Shayarliev from February 13 issued the “resolution” on issue of the town-planning plan of the land plot of 999 sq.m. m on the street Vorovsky, 21a. It was indicated that within the site objects of capital construction and objects included in the Unified State Register of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation, are absent, and it is located in the territorial zone of development of individual houses, respectively, its use is allowed for individual housing construction not higher than three floors.
On June 5, the Museum of History of Simferopol presented an exhibition “Simferopol in the light of new archaeological discoveries. Results of excavations on Vorovskoho Street, 19-23 “; A few weeks later, the director of the Institute of Archeology of the Crimea of ​​the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vadym Maiko, said that they wanted to continue the archeological excavations on Vorovsky Street, which required additional funding.

In mid-October, archaeologists unexpectedly stated that the data of the examination of the “Institute of Archeology of the Crimea RAS” claim that the cultural layer and objects of cultural heritage on Vorovsky, 21a are missing. “As soon as the rightful owner of the land built a fence, opponents of the building appeared. They tried to prove that it was on this place and three adjacent plots that the palace of the Kalga Sultan once stood, although there is no reliable information about the location of the residence. The owners of the site did not hesitate to turn not only to the archive, but also to archaeologists for an official opinion. The examination was conducted twice with the laying of pits and local excavations. “For the first and second time, the conclusion of the Institute of Archeology of the Crimea of ​​the Russian Academy of Sciences is unambiguous: there is no cultural layer and objects of cultural heritage on the site,” local media reported.
However, in late November, Deputy Chairman of the State Committee for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Kazakhstan Alexander Zhavoronkov told a news conference that the decision on the future status of the territory “on the site of the Kalga Sultan’s Palace” will be made after full excavations. At the same time, Ruslan Balbek expressed hope that the assumptions of Crimean scientists will be confirmed and the object will be recognized as a cultural heritage site, and declared protection of the territory on which, according to assumptions, the palace of Kalga Sultan was located, “achievement of Russian Crimea”. that the object “is already in the register of newly discovered cultural heritage sites”.

During the research, the site owners won nine “lawsuits” against the fence, as well as a “court” over the “legality of property rights.” “We live in the modern world and have to make an objective choice between building socially important facilities or searching for unlikely traces of historical events,” Crimean media convinced the audience. Meanwhile, the “prosecutor’s office”, the “courts” and the “Department of Architecture and Urban Planning” decided whether the “legally” mentioned land plot had been transferred to private ownership and whether its construction was possible. It was stated that a “socially significant building” and a chapel in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary, built by the President of the Association of Greek Public Associations of the Russian Federation Ivan Savvidi, representatives of the State Council, would be erected on the site of the unsuccessful search RK “and city residents. Also,According to previously published information, the construction of the chapel on Vorovsky, 21a was blessed by Metropolitan Lazar of Simferopol and Crimea (UOC-MP). It is not clear why the diocese entrusted to him is now renouncing this blessing.

In principle, there is one reason why a blessing could be revoked (if it was). If it really turns out that the chapel is being built on the site of the palace of a politician from the time of the Crimean Khanate, then clarifications with the Crimean Tatar community cannot be avoided. On the other hand, if there are no remains of the palace, then from the side the situation may look like some Crimean Tatar figures are trying to prevent the Greek community from building a chapel. In any case, the Simferopol and Crimean dioceses of the UOC-MP will make every effort to stay away from potential conflict. It may not arise without the participation of the Crimean “authorities”, with which the hierarchs and ministers of the diocese (as well as “DUMKS”) during the Russian occupation of Crimea cooperate very productively – which should raise certain issues in mainland Ukraine.

By the way, on September 30, Metropolitan Lazar met in the diocesan administration with Emirali Ablaev with the participation of Alexander Yakushechkin and Ayder Ismailov; The main topics of conversation were the activities and mutual dialogue of the participants of the interfaith council of Crimea “Peace is a gift of God”, the preservation and strengthening of peace and harmony on the Crimean peninsula, the need for joint counteraction to the spread of totalitarian destructive sects and pseudo-religious extremist organizations. the authorities may classify those religious organizations that do not “fluctuate with the party line”, declaring them “unconventional” at best. The Metropolitan of the UOC-MP also discussed with the Mufti the issues of spiritual and moral education of the young generation, patriotism (in the Russian key, of course) of the youth, their love for their native land and a sense of responsibility for its future,and strengthening mutual respect and the principles of good neighborliness between the denominations and cultures of the peoples of Crimea (of course, between those for whom Putin stands on an equal footing with God). The situation in the city park was also discussed, where human remains were found during excavations (probably from an ancient Muslim cemetery), after which the works were suspended, “law enforcement agencies” were informed, and the remains were handed over for examination.

It is unknown whether the meeting was about a wasteland near Naples Scythian. It is also not possible to find out why the remains of the palace of the Kalga Sultan are persistently searched on Vorovsky, 21a, when experts claim that its possible location includes addresses 19-23. It is unclear why the search began during the Russian annexation of Crimea, if the data indicating the possible location of the palace dates back to different periods of the twentieth and previous centuries, and why virtually no one cared about this place until its construction began. ?

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Sergii Konashevich

Author of numerous culturological publications, editor of Ukrainian Culture Publishing House LLC

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