Lessons of war from the aggressor state: militarization of children in Crimea


Early in the morning of February 24, 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin, during an emergency address to Russians, announced on TV the beginning of a “special military operation” against Ukraine: he was allegedly asked to do this the day before by the leaders of the so-called “DPR” and “LPR”, whose “independence” Putin “recognized” on February 18. Before the actual declaration of war on Ukraine, the leader of the aggressor state received permission from his parliament to use the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation outside the country. Among other things, Putin said that he was going to carry out “demilitarization and denazification” of Ukraine. Almost at the same time as the speech of the Kremlin leader, the armed invasion of the territory of Ukraine by Russian troops began from several directions – from the north (the territory of the Russian Federation and Belarus), the east (through the ORDLO) and the south (from the territory of the occupied Crimean peninsula).

In the regime of “circular bail”, the main resident of the Kremlin, who, after his decision to commit a crime of world scale, hid like a rat in one of his bunkers as far as the Urals, made an attempt to smear with Ukrainian blood not only the citizens of his country, but also the residents of the occupied territory of Ukraine – from old to small. On February 28, in Crimean school chat rooms, teachers urged parents of schoolchildren to zombify their children by watching news on Russian television, convincing them of the need to trust only “official” sources of information. Parents were also required to watch over their children so that they not only did not take part in anti-war actions, but also did not leave the house unnecessarily. Regardless of region, there were no differences in teacher reports; the mailing was carried out centrally by order, apparently, of the Crimean “Ministry of Education”.

At the same time, it was announced that special social studies lessons would be held in schools in the Russian Federation on March 1, during which teachers had to not only convey to students in grades 7-11 the theses from Putin’s speech on the reasons for the “denazification” of Ukraine, but also condemn calls for anti-war actions. Instructions for these “five minutes of hate” were sent centrally to school administrations.

Thus, students of grades 7-8 were asked to tell that Ukraine as a state did not exist on the world map until 1917 “thanks to” the revolution in the Russian Empire, and soon became part of the USSR – apparently “voluntarily”, without a struggle for independence during the period of national – liberation struggles until 1921. After that, the good Bolsheviks “gifted” Ukraine with “Novorossiya” – that is, Donetsk region and Luhansk region (although this word was the name of the annexed Zaporozhye, the Northern Black Sea region, Tavria, Azov region, Bujak and Kuban under the Russian empress Catherine II) after World War II – modern western regions, and in 1954 – the Crimean Peninsula. In addition, it was stated that Ukraine “became an independent state only in 1991”, and since then Russia “has always supported and cared for it”, because “we are one people and there can be no hatred between our countries”. However, in 2014, an “unconstitutional and bloody coup d’état” took place in Ukraine, during which many innocent people died, after which a “pro-American” government came to power, which “effectively established external governance of a sovereign state.” At that time, the residents of Crimea and Donbas declared that they wanted to “speak in their native Russian language, be bearers of the historical memory of Russia, live and work peacefully in the cultural space formed in this region over the centuries.” For this purpose, they “voluntarily formed the independent Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics”, after which the Ukrainian authorities “conducted punitive military operations in these territories twice”. Meanwhile, Russia was “doing everything to peacefully resolve all contradictions”, but was exposed in response to Ukrainian “information campaigns to incite anti-Russian policy”, so in the end it got impatient and began to “protect the interests of its people”.

After a “brief historical reference”, the teachers had to answer the possible questions of the schoolchildren, using excerpts from Putin’s speech, delivered at the beginning of the “special operation” against Ukraine. Thus, the children were offered to convince that the war of the Russian Federation against our country is a “special peacekeeping operation, the purpose of which is to deter nationalists who commit genocide of the Russian-speaking population”: for this purpose, the Russian authorities will seek the “demilitarization and denazification” of Ukraine, as well as the trial of those who “committed numerous bloody crimes against civilians, including citizens of the Russian Federation.” The military actions were to be explained by the “expansion of NATO to the borders of Russia”, which is “a threat to all of us”, as well as Ukraine’s alleged intentions to create nuclear weapons. Therefore, the “special peacekeeping operation” by Putin’s Russia is “self-defense against the threats posed to us” and “a forced measure to save millions of peaceful and defenseless residents of Ukraine, our brothers who hope only in Russia.”

During the distribution of these methods, school administrations in the regions of the Russian Federation began to warn parents to warn their children against participating in anti-war actions, because the school and the educational environment are “outside of politics”, so “no one has the right to involve children and young people in various illegal actions and political provocations”. At the same time, the authors of the calls apparently forgot to add that the aggressor state has a monopoly on these actions in its own interests.

Teachers and lecturers had to convince students of grades 9-11, as well as students of colleges and pedagogical universities, that there are forces in the world that “organically hate Russia” and “are now doing everything to start a war, to make it so that you, in 3-4 years, were drawn into her murderous millstones.” In short, if Putin does not involve you in his “denazification operations” today, NATO soldiers will do it tomorrow. So, like the grandfathers and great-grandfathers, who in 1941 “at the cost of huge losses in a single patriotic impulse stopped the creeping fascist creep” (getting weapons in battle, having one old rifle for three and barricades behind them), it is necessary to prevent the future war and stop the current one , which he has been conducting since 2014 “on someone else’s destructive instructions”… Ukraine against Russia (!!!) This is where it really is – from a sick head to a healthy one…

Unlike 7th and 8th graders, high schoolers are less fortunate with the amount of revisionist propaganda they have to consume. Moreover, their ideologues are catastrophically confused in historical concepts. Thus, in their opinion, Ukraine as a “political project” arose in 1917 under the leadership of… Simon Petliura, who not only “literally hated Russia and Russians”, but also served as the head of the UNR Directory from February 11, 1919 to November 10, 1920, replacing Volodymyr Vinnichenko in this position. The names of the first leader of the Ukrainian People’s Republic, Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, and the Hetman of the Ukrainian State, Pavel Skoropadskyi, remain off-screen in this story. Later, in 1922, after the victory of the Bolsheviks in the “fratricidal civil war”, Vladimir Lenin created the “Ukrainian Republic” and added it to the USSR; later, the fierce executioner of the Ukrainian and other enslaved peoples, Joseph Stalin, added the “Russian cities of Novorossiya” to this “republic”, and after World War II – Galicia and Transcarpathia. In 1954, Mykyta Khrushchev (actually not) added Crimea to the Ukrainian SSR – which, together with “Novorossiya” from Luhansk to Odesa, although “never had a relationship with Ukrainian culture”, but respected it and “had a good neighborhood with ethnic Ukrainians “, because “everyone was united by Russia”. In 1991, Ukraine became an independent sovereign state; Russia supported this decision, “provided free aid to Ukraine in the total amount of 300 billion dollars” and even “took over part of the national debt of Ukraine”. All this was done with only one goal – “so that the fraternal people live and work, so that we are all together, honor our common roots, and sing songs that everyone understands.”

But it did not happen as expected: it turned out that among the Ukrainian youth there were more and more people who “openly despised and offended Russia and Russians, slandered our common past, mocked the heroes of the Great Patriotic War” – and all this under the popular slogan “Moskalyak on a branch”. The authors of the texts even mentioned lines from the poem that formed the basis of the national anthem of Ukraine, which are not used in the modern version of the anthem – “Oh, Bohdan, Bohdan, our glorious Hetman! Why did he give Ukraine to the bad Muscovites?”, while declaring that “there is a completely undisguised call for hatred and for the fight against all Russians, citizens of the Russian state”, and accusing the author of the anthem, Pavel Chubynskyi, of “fascism”, even in the 2nd half of the 19th century such a word was not known yet. Further, it is suggested to convince the Russian youth that Ukrainian textbooks, films, and television programs are “permeated with fascist meanings and ideas” and “praise only anti-Russian.”

What’s more: in 2014, an “anti-state coup” took place in Ukraine, as a result of which “”Russophobes seized power in the country and actually established a fascist regime – with fascist symbols, resumption of activities of Nazi organizations, torchlight processions, commemorations of Hitler’s victims”; at the level of state policy, the main ideological theme became “burning hatred of Russia and Muscovites”, and “overseas curators” set the task of “fighting Russia to the last Ukrainian” before the Ukrainian authorities and future generations. Over the course of eight years, the terrible fascists, whom Russians saw all this time on their TV screens and in their own imaginations, and Ukrainians did not observe next to them in real life, killed many people in 2014 in Kyiv, in May of the same year in the House of Trade Unions in Odesa “more than 40 people were burned alive just because they wanted to speak Russian and did not recognize the bloody fascist regime”, as well as “they bombed children and the elderly in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions just because they asked for limited autonomy within Ukraine and so that the Russian language becomes the second state language in their regions.” In the end, the inhabitants of the specified regions seemed to have lost their temper, and they “courageously declared that they would be republics” without submitting to the “Nazi regime.”

For 8 years, Russia “under increased pressure from American and Western partners provided the necessary support to its brothers who became victims of the bombings and the Ukrainian junta.” And all this time, Russia had a premonition that sooner or later “a huge reinforced Ukrainian army, deceived, exclusively hostile towards Russia, would attack our country” – they said, precisely “a war of extermination and subjugation, with the use of nuclear weapons” was the goal of Ukraine in in the perspective of the next 3-4 years (!!!), so Russia did not wait for this terrible scenario and “went ahead”: first, it declared the so-called “Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics” as “independent states”, after which, at their request, it began ” to destroy the military potential” of Ukraine – “a fascist state created only for the purpose of conquering Russia” (!!!). At the same time, lecturers and teachers should have asked their audience what they really want – “to continue to support the fascist regime in Ukraine, which fools its citizens with propaganda, like the Germans before World War II. or to finally establish peace, ending the current seven-year war, and preserve our beloved country.” Similarly, the Russian occupiers conducted propaganda among the population of Crimea in March 2014, offering them to choose between Russia and the mythical “Ukrainian fascism” during the “referendum on the status of the peninsula”.

“There is no doubt in anyone’s mind that one of the most terrible events in the world is war. Human sacrifices, destruction, mutilated destinies, unborn children, bitter orphanhood, unfulfilled dreams – all this is terrible and all this should not become your fate”, – their mentors had to convince the pupils and students. However, in the context of recent events, this thesis seems incomplete without one significant clarification: “This should be the fate of Ukrainians whom the head of our state has designated as Nazis who deserve mass extermination.” And, to tell the truth, teachers should explain to their students that all these horrors can become their fate if the “leader of the nation” decides to throw them into the meat grinder of unprovoked military aggression against a neighboring country. Actually, this is what the young men are told in direct text: “As it was in 1941, it will be necessary to call up all adults for the war. Then all your dreams and plans will have to be put aside, forgotten for a while. And for some – forever.” However, teenagers and young adults stunned by this “difficult truth” are offered to console themselves with the words of the iconic Russian film hero Danylo Bagrov: “What is strength, brother? Strength is in the truth.”

In the meantime, teachers had to ask their students questions formed as continuous “Freudian excuses”: “Any war is evil, as well as any injustice and violence. How to stop evil? We all shudder at the news, when another inhuman comes to school with his hatred, with weapons in his hands and arranges bloody terrorist attacks. What should a brave and honest person do when he learns about the approach of such a bastard to his school? Stand aside with a “I’m for peace” poster? Do you want to stop a reckless man who is coming with the sole purpose of killing your friends and girlfriends?” Indeed, in this situation, what should be done to the young citizens of the country, which has actually been taken hostage by a crazy paranoid whose entire inflamed imagination is subordinated to only one goal – to destroy the Ukrainian state and the Ukrainian nation, even at the cost of a nuclear war with the whole world? What measures should they take to “stop the reckless” that is dragging their country and their future with them into the hellish abyss?

On March 1, 2022, Crimean schools received presentation methods for mandatory “patriotic education lessons” for students in grades 6-8 on the topic “My Country” with the aim of justifying the Russian Federation’s war against Ukraine in the eyes of the children of occupied Crimea. In particular, the materials insisted on the “unity” of Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus on the basis of the baptism of Rus, the subjugation of Cossack Ukraine by the Muscovite kingdom in 1654, and “joint victory in the Great Patriotic War.” In terms of national identity, it was proposed to take an example from the writer Mykola Gogol, who “confessed that he himself does not know whether his soul is Khokhlyatian or Russian.” In the end, one way or another, Ukraine is blamed for the Russian attack on it due to the “coup d’état” in 2014 – like the victim of a rapist who “provoked him with a short skirt”, but at the same time schoolchildren had to be convinced that Putin’s “special operation” in Ukraine is only “the help of the older to the younger”. As additional materials in the lesson, it was proposed to study several messages and speeches of Putin, his dreams of “further modification of the Russian union statehood” and the rest of the marasmatic delusion, with which the inadequate dictator justifies his idea of ​​the need to invade Ukraine.

At the same time, Crimean schools received instruction manuals for classes in grades 5-8 and 9-11, as well as in universities, entitled “Historical Truth”. They contained fragments like: “Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians are related peoples or even one, single people, only divided by borders drawn only 30 years ago, with local and dialectal differences, but with a common history, faith and traditions”; “The armed forces of Russia are forced to carry out a special military operation to demilitarize and de-Nazify Ukraine and do not carry out any air or artillery strikes on the cities of Ukraine, so the peaceful civilian population is not threatened.” The historical part of the lesson presents Ukraine as a “non-independent” state, which is not only “hostile to Russia” from the very beginning of its existence, but was generally “created in opposition to it.” Of course, the events of the Russian occupation of Crimea and ORDLO are presented from the point of view of Russian propaganda, which children are encouraged to believe. In order to talk about all this nonsense, Crimean schools even canceled lessons in the leading subjects, which did not please the teachers too much – as well as the coarseness of the material received, which indicates a deep crisis of the Russian not only informational, but also military machine.

Representatives of the local “authority” also joined the “patriotism lessons” in the occupied Crimea. So, on March 1, the “Governor of Sevastopol” Mykhailo Razvozhaev visited city school No. 14 to “explain to high school students what is currently happening in Ukraine,” because they “are receiving a stream of misinformation on social media.” The “governor” did not invite the local media to this event, so that the teenagers “feel free and can ask any questions.” Apparently, Razvozhaev’s displeasure was caused by young men whose friends live outside Crimea and ask why and why Russia attacked Ukraine. In response, the Sevastopol “governor” stated the following: “Why were we forced to do this? Because, of course, a little more – and we would have to defend Sevastopol and other territories of our country with weapons in our hands. Volodymyr Volodymyrovych Putin made a very difficult but necessary decision – to protect the citizens of the fraternal “LPR” and “DNR”, Crimeans and Sevastopol residents, to destroy Nazism in Ukraine, to carry out demilitarization. We will be able to fully assess the scale of this decision in years. And today our president and our army need unconditional support.”

A “patriotism lesson” for students of the 11th grade of school No. 30 in Balaklava was also conducted by another occupation “official” – “Senator of the Federation Council of the Russian Federation from Sevastopol” Kateryna Altabayeva, who told teenagers about the origins of the “Russian Spring” in Crimea and its “return to Russia “, later moving to the topic of “special operations of the Russian Federation for the demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine.” Traditionally for Russian “square-nest” thinking, Altabayeva began to draw an analogy with World War II, trying to analyze the behavior of “nationalists and fascists in Ukraine, who are likened to those who killed people here during the Great Patriotic War.” The lesson took place within the framework of the so-called regional marathon “Russian Spring in Sevastopol”, which will last until March 18; similar “history lessons”, where the teachers are representatives of “state authorities” and other “famous people”, are planned to be held not only in schools, but also in universities of the occupied city.

On March 3, the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation announced an all-Russian open lesson called “Defenders of Peace” (in Ukrainian, depending on the context, it can be translated either as “defenders of peace” or “defenders of the world”), during which schoolchildren were to be told about why the Russian ” liberation mission” in Ukraine is a “necessity”, as well as about what “danger” NATO allegedly poses to Russia and why it “came to the defense of the civilian population of the Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics”. In addition, the leaders of the lesson were supposed to help the children “figure out how to distinguish truth from lies in the huge flow of information, photos and videos that are overflowing with the Internet today.”

On the eve of the “anniversary of the reunification of Crimea with Russia”, the so-called “Governor of Sevastopol” Mykhailo Razvozhaev ordered to conduct purely Soviet “political information” in the form of short “patriotic” lines on which children , contrary to the norms of international law, will be involved in the discussion of issues of Russian foreign and domestic policy. Each such event will necessarily begin with the raising of the flags of the Russian Federation and Sevastopol to the anthem of the occupying state. According to Razvozhayev, such a “tradition” will become another impulse for “patriotic” education, which is at a “high level” in the occupied city, and although there will be fewer politicians in Sevastopol, according to the assurances of the occupying “official”, but it will still be – because in the conditions of the “information campaign aimed primarily at schoolchildren”, it is “wrong” not to talk to children about politics.

Regarding the militarization of the consciousness of children in Crimea and the forced replacement of their Ukrainian identity with a “all-Russian” one, human rights defenders of Ukraine and the world have sounded the alarm for many years – and there were good reasons for this. So, for example, in May 2015, the “rector of the Taurian Academy of the Crimean Federal University (“KFU”)” Ihor Voronin expressed his intention to introduce a 108-hour course on “the history of the motherland” in the “university” from September, since during the 23 years of Crimea’s stay in the of Ukraine, “fundamental moments that form the foundations of one or another generation were washed out of the minds of young people”: in particular, the history textbooks that children studied did not use the Russian term “Great Patriotic War”, which should show “the significance of this war for the Russian people” (and what about the other nations that participated in this war?), – instead, the concept of European and world historiography “Second World War” was used. Voronin expressed his belief that thanks to the new course, “the sense of patriotism of our generation will only strengthen.”

At the beginning of October 2017, “Deputy Minister of Education, Science and Youth of the Republic of Crimea” Kostyantyn Alikin boasted that every year in occupied Crimea the number of young people involved in “military-patriotic education” activities is increasing: in particular, “cadet schools” were created on the basis of educational institutions of the occupied peninsula classes” and “military-patriotic clubs”. In addition, on July 1, 2016, a military department for students was created on the basis of KFU. Alikin stated that many young people “try to connect their lives with military professions” because service in the army of the occupying power is “prestigious” and “military-patriotic circles” can facilitate this. In addition, the “director” of the organization called “Crimean Patriot Center” Andriy Shparyov said that its goal is to involve Crimean youth in “military-patriotic education” and to form in them a “stable sense of patriotism and the desire to protect the homeland.” He also added that in “military-patriotic camps” children have the opportunity to “completely immerse themselves in military life.” It should be noted that the “Crympatriot Center”, founded in 2015, was created as a regional center for military-patriotic education and training for service in the ranks of the occupying army and acted as an organizer of mass and thematic events aimed at “patriotic” education of pupils and students, and interacted with public organizations whose activities are related to “preserving the traditions and heroic past of the Russian people”.

In January 2018, the president of the occupying state, Vladimir Putin, called on Russian schoolchildren to study the history of the occupied Crimea, calling it “a very complex and very interesting part of our history.” In June of the same year, it became known that about 17,000 young people are involved in active direct participation in “voluntary patriotic activities” on the territory of the peninsula, and their number is “steadily increasing” every year; at least this statement was made by the “press service of the Ministry of Education, Science and Youth of the Republic of Crimea”. The “department” stated that the first three years after the occupation of the peninsula became a period of “establishing and forming new relationships in the youth environment, a new personal perception of young Crimeans and determination of further priorities for becoming in society.” In 2017, more than 200 “patriotic-themed” events were held in various forms and types. Over the past years, the “republican branch” of Putin’s “children’s army” – “Unarmy”, which at that time had 16 local branches and more than 1,000 members, has significantly expanded and strengthened its position. However, already in August 2018, the head of the Crimean “autonomous non-profit organization “Military-patriotic youth of good will”, Mykhailo Boychuk, complained that local “military-patriotic” organizations lack specialists (who, in turn, lack salaries) and systematic work, noting that these organizations rely on the Soviet experience in their activities and act differently.

On November 15, 2018, an organizational meeting of the “patriotic platform of the All-Russian political party “United Russia” in the Republic of Crimea was held in Simferopol. Among other things, the goal of this “platform” was not only the “patriotic” education of the younger generation, but also the preservation of “spiritual and moral values ​​traditional to the people.” During the meeting, it was declared that patriotism is the “national idea of ​​Russia”, the head of which Vladimir Putin stated that patriotic education should be not only a clear state system, but also primarily an organic part of the life of society itself in order to nurture generations that “know their country , feel involved in her fate and responsibility for her future and, most importantly, believe in her.” In addition, “Member of the Council of the Federation of the Russian Federation from the Republic of Crimea”, head of the “Russian Community of Kryma” organization Serhiy Tsekov stated that patriotic education in Russia cannot be limited to any age and only concern young people – it should cover all citizens without exception. The main task of the “patriotic platform” was defined as maximum assistance to “authority structures” and public organizations in the education of “patriotic-minded citizens”.

On November 22, 2018, “Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Crimea” Larisa Opanasyuk, during a speech at the “III International Forum “Nuremberg Process: History and Modernity” in Yalta, called the youth of occupied Crimea “the main weapon in the ideological war.”

In an interview at the beginning of 2019, the “Minister of Education, Science and Youth of the Crimea” Natalya Goncharova mentioned the so-called the “referendum on the status of Crimea” held in March 2014, stated that it supposedly “united the country” (apparently referring to the Russian Federation) and expressed her belief that “the same cohesion will be among our youth, if it is necessary to stand up for the defense of the homeland.” In April of the same year, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Andriy Parubiy, during a speech at the 140th Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in Qatar, stated that the Russian Federation systematically uses education in the occupied territories to mentally enslave the local population and undermine the security of its neighbors, including Ukraine, against which Putin’s government uses education as a weapon. “Children of Ukrainian citizens in the illegally occupied territory are forcibly indoctrinated, turning them into supporters of the Russian imperial idea. In violation of international humanitarian law, Russia is purposefully preparing Ukrainian citizens living in Crimea to serve in the Russian army and to wage war against Ukraine. Ukrainians should kill Ukrainians – this is Putin’s plan,” said Parubiy. By chance, he recalled the tragedy on October 17, 2018 in Kerch, when Vladyslav Roslyakov, an 18-year-old student of the local polytechnic college, detonated a bomb and fired a pump-action shotgun, killing 20 children and injuring 50 more. According to Parubiy, Roslyakov was a member of the “military-patriotic” training, where he was taught to prepare explosives and shoot; this tragedy would not have happened “if Crimea had not been captured by Russia, and children had not been formed with a desire for war and violence.” Soon, in May, the “Chairman of the Republic of Crimea” Serhii Aksyonov said that the Crimean “authorities” should create conditions for the “patriotic development” of the youth.

In August 2019, the Crimean human rights group reported on the recording of the actions of the occupying “authorities” and paramilitary formations in Crimea aimed at the systemic policy of militarization of children and adolescents, stating that these initiatives contribute to the development of the cult of war, tolerance of violence and the development of aggressive attitudes in children to states and nations that do not support the ideas of the “Russian world”: usually the “enemy” in Russian educational programs and educational activities is Ukraine or democratic Western states. With the help of such measures, the occupiers carry out a policy of personality depersonalization and military propaganda against minor residents of Crimea, preparing them for service in the Russian army and thus brutally violating the norms of international humanitarian law. In response to these theses, “the head of the youth affairs department of the Ministry of Education, Science and Youth of the Republic of Crimea” Yevhen Kostylev called the occupying army “the vanguard of the development of our country, where the most modern technologies are born and then relayed to peaceful life” and stated that in the occupied Crimea “patriotic upbringing of children and youth in the spirit of love for their homeland” – in contrast to Ukraine, where children are “dressed in embroidered clothes and given automatic weapons, creating Bander circles.”

In September 2019, the Prosecutor’s Office of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, based on the application of the Crimean Human Rights Group, opened proceedings due to the conduct of activities aimed at promoting war and serving in the occupation army among children on the occupied peninsula. The message stated that the training of children takes place on the basis of military service in educational institutions and educational institutions; children and young people are taught the basics of military science and the use of firearms, exerting direct pressure on their consciousness, preparing to replenish the number of employees of the Russian armed forces. At the same time, the Prosecutor’s Office of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea reminded that the military training of children in this case is a violation not only of international humanitarian law, but also of the laws and customs of war, since the occupying state has no right either to militarize training or to conscript young men into the ranks of its armed forces.

In March 2021, it became known how many children the occupiers recruited into “military-patriotic” organizations in Crimea. In particular, Serhii Selimov, “Chairman of the State Committee for Youth Policy of the Republic of Crimea,” said that more than 10,000 people joined the “Unarmy” and the number of cadet classes increased to 112.

The full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine on February 24, 2022 revealed one significant flaw of the aggressive militarization of the younger generation in Crimea, which lasted eight years, namely: it turned out to be a complete failure. In particular, this is manifested in the fact that soldiers called up for military service on the occupied peninsula voluntarily leave the military units in order not to participate in the criminal war started by the Putin regime. Due to information about the crimes of the armed forces of the Russian Federation against the civilian population of Ukraine reaching Crimea, which has been blocked by all possible means, opposition is growing exponentially on the peninsula: residents of Crimea go to protest actions, put up anti-war leaflets, etc. As a result, the occupiers are forced to carry out forced mobilization among the population in order to send Crimeans to war against Ukraine.



Implemented within the project “Information Platform” Voice of Crimea. Culture “- about Crimea honestly, qualitatively, actually” with the support of the Media Development Fund of the US Embassy in Ukraine. The views of the authors do not necessarily reflect the official position of the US government.

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