Mount Ayudag (Bear Mountain) on the southern coast of Crimea
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Crimea interwar (photo documents)

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In the funds of the CDFCA of Ukraine named after GS Pshenichny preserves a considerable collection of audiovisual documents, which recorded the image of the Crimea with the help of new technical means of the twentieth century. The unique natural and cultural complex of the peninsula lives visibly and audibly on the film. The outlines of each historical period are instantaneous in general ephemerality, and today’s Crimea is not what it was yesterday or will live tomorrow. The Crimea of ​​the age between the two world wars is a rather rare portrait today.

We offer one of such rarities – a trip to the southern coast through the Baidar Gate, stops in front of the only surviving example of Crimean Tatar palace architecture – the unique Khan’s Palace in the style of “Asian Baroque”, “Garden-Palace” Giray; the Church of the Resurrection of Christ on Cape Foros, which rises above a steep cliff at an altitude of 402 m above sea level; the largest wind point of the country over Alupka and Koreiz – Mount Ai-Petri (1234 m); Nikita Botanical Garden; the only fortification of the Genoese in the country with an area of ​​almost 30 hectares on the ancient coral reef – the cone-shaped mountain Kiz-Kulle-Burun (or Kriposna) near Sudak Bay of the Black Sea; visits to the famous since at least the eleventh century. “Cave city” Chufut-Kale, surrounded on three sides by deep valleys at an altitude of 500 meters; “Cremesto Nero”, “Autkinsky”,”Yalta” or just a waterfall on the south side of Ai-Petri “Wuchang-Su” – the largest waterfall in Europe with a height of 98.5 m; architectural marvel – the Crimean residence of the Governor-General of the Novorossiysk Territory Count Mikhail Vorontsov; Chongar Bridge, which spans the 150-meter Chongar Strait, connecting mainland Ukraine with the Crimea.

List of photographic documents:
1. 12103-1a Baidar Gate (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) TsDKFFA Ukraine them. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
2. 12103-1b Church of the Resurrection of Christ, Cape Foros (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 h. Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) TsDKFFA Ukraine them. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
3. 12103-1c Vorontsov Palace, Alupka (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) CDKFA Ukraine. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
4. 12103-1g Nikitsky Botanical Garden. VM Molotov (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) CDKFA Ukraine. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
5. 12103-1d Views of the Ai-Petri mountain (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) TsDKFFA Ukraine them. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
6. 12103-1e Wuchang-Su Waterfall, the southern slope of Mount Ai-Petri (Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
7. 12103-1h Mount Ayudag (Bear Mountain) on the southern coast of Crimea (Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 h. Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) CDKFA Ukraine. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
8. 12103-1z Dacha AP Chekhov, Gurzuf township (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) CDKFA Ukraine. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
9. 12103-1i Naberezhna, Gurzuf township (Across the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 h. Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
10. 12103-1k Khan’s Palace in Bakhchisarai – the ancestral residence of the Gerai dynasty (In the Crimea. Kinofilm, 1939, 2 h. Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky)
CDKFA Ukraine them. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
11. 12103-1m White Rock Mountain or Mount Ak-Kaya, the valley of the river Bink-Karasu (In Crimea. Movie, 1939, 2 hours. Arch. Number 12103. Ukrkinohronika. Directed by J. Poselskyy)
TSDKFFA Ukraine. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
12. 12103-1n The ancient Tatar city of Karasubazar, located in the valley of the river Biyuk-Karasu (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 h. Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) CDKFA Ukraine. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
13. 12103-2b Remains of the medieval fortress city Chufut-Kale in the mountainous region of Crimea, 3 km east of Bakhchisarai, now in ruins (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky)
TsDKFFA of Ukraine named after GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
14. 12103-2c Ruins of the Genoese fortress in the city of Sudak (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 hours. Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) CDKFA Ukraine. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.
15. 12103-2g Chongarsky Bridge (In the Crimea. Film, 1939, 2 h. Arch. № 12103. Ukrkinochronika. Director J. Poselsky) TsDKFFA Ukraine them. GS Wheat, unit. reg. 12103.

Compiler – Lyubrska Lyudmyla Valentynivna – a leading researcher of the sector of publication of documents of the Central State Film and Photo Archive of Ukraine named after GS Wheat

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The project was implemented with the support of the Ukrainian Cultural Foundation

Lyudmila Lyubarskaya

Senior Research Fellow sector publication of documents of the Central State Film-photo-phono-archives of Ukraine G.S. Pshenichnogo

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